Diet & Nutrition Info 
 
 
 Diets 

Fasting diet could fight disease, slow aging 

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/02/five-day-fasting-diet-could-fight-disease-slow-aging

Fasting for Longevity: 9 Questions for Dr. Valter D. Longo

https://www.bluezones.com/2016/04/fasting-for-longevity/

Running on Empty -  What happens when people regularly take breaks from eating

http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/49462/title/Running-on-Empty/

Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for Weight Loss 

Premenopausal overweight and obese women assigned to follow the Atkins diet lost more weight and experienced more favorable overall metabolic effects at 12 months than women assigned to follow the Zone, Ornish, or LEARN diets. While questions remain about long-term effects and mechanisms, a low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat diet may be considered a feasible alternative recommendation for weight loss.

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/205916

DASH, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

Mediterranean diet reduces the incidence of major cardiovascular events

Among persons at high cardiovascular risk, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts reduced the incidence of major cardiovascular events.

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1200303#t=abstract

Mediterranean diet may reduce risk of form of breast cancer

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/mar/06/mediterranean-diet-may-reduce-risk-of-form-of-breast-cancer-study

Improving diet quality over time linked with reduced risk of premature death

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/improving-diet-quality-over-time-linked-with-reduced-risk-premature-death/

NEJMhttp://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1613502

Intensive metabolic intervention including dieting, exercise, and medical support can reverse Type 2 diabetes in just four months

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2017/03/15/type-2-diabetes-can-reversed-just-four-months-trial-shows/

JCEM: https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jc.2016-3373

High-Fiber Diet tied to less knee arthritis

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/b-gdn042817.php

Gluten-free diet not recommended for people without celiac disease 

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/b-gdn042817.php

bmj: http://www.bmj.com/content/357/bmj.j1892?ijkey=2df3a3abc8b42aa01e81ade34ddeb316cd1c0ab3&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Eat legumes every day to reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4369148/Eat-legumes-reduce-risk-type-2-diabetes-35.html#ixzz4d7kVEkkI

Association Between Dietary Factors and Mortality From Heart Disease, Stroke, and Type 2 Diabetes in the United States

The largest numbers of estimated diet-related Heart Disease, Stroke, and Type 2 Diabetes deaths in the US were related to high sodium, low nuts/seeds, high processed meats, low seafood omega-3 fats, low vegetables, low fruits, and high sugar-sweetened beverages.

JAMA, http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2608221?utm_campaign=articlePDF&utm_medium=articlePDFlink&utm_source=articlePDF&utm_content=jama.2017.0947

 

Low-sodium diet might not lower blood pressure

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-04/eb2-ldm041217.php

Fruit and veggies rich in potassium may be key to lowering blood pressure

http://news.usc.edu/119637/how-to-lower-your-blood-pressure-eat-more-fruit-and-veggies/

APS Endo & Meta​, http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/312/4/E348

Fruits, vegetables, and legumes: sound prevention tools

Higher fruit, vegetable, and legume consumption was associated with a lower risk of non-cardiovascular, and total mortality. Benefits appear to be maximum for both non-cardiovascular mortality and total mortality at three to four servings per day (equivalent to 375–500 g/day)

Lancet, 08/29/2017

Eating regular variety of nuts associated with lower risk of heart disease

People who consumed nuts, in a portion of 1 oz (28g), at least once or twice a week, had an approximately 20% reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease. 

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

sciencedaily.com

 
 
 
 Carbohydrates 

 

Researchers observed a significant relationship between added sugar consumption and increased risk for cardiovascular disease mortality (JAMA, 2014)

High carbohydrate intake was associated with higher risk of total mortality, whereas total fat and individual types of fat were related to lower total mortality (Lancet, 2017-08-29).

 
 
 Notable Studies ​

Adventist Health Studies

Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging

CALERIE

Comprehensive Assessment of Long term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (2007)

DASH (1993 - 1997)

DASH-Sodium (1997-1999)​

OmniHeart (PMID: 16287956)

OmniCarb (PMID: 25514303)

DIETFITS (2018) 

Healthy Low Fat vs. Healthy Low Carb - One Diet Does Not Fit All 

Diogenes Project, The Diet, Obesity and Genes Dietary Study

EPIC, The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study is one of the largest cohort studies in the world, with more than half a million (521 000) participants recruited across 10 European countries and followed for almost 15 years. 

Framingham Heart Study (since 1948)

Study to identifying the common factors or characteristics that contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD).

HANDLS, The Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study

to understand the sources of persistent health disparities in overall longevity, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease has led to the development of the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study. 

HPFS, Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986)

The Long Life Family Study

NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

 

NHS, The Nurses’ Health Study (1976)

NuAge, Quebec Longitudinal Study on Nutrition and Aging (2004-2009)

POUNDS LOST, Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies Study (2003)

  

 PREDIMED, Prevention with Mediterranean Diet (2013)

PURE, The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (2003-2009)

 

more to come